Creating and Managing Databases

Your HAWQ deployment may have multiple databases. This is different from some database management systems (such as Oracle) where the database instance is the database. Although you can create many databases in a HAWQ system, client programs can connect to and access only one database at a time — you cannot cross-query between databases.

About Template Databases

Each new database you create is based on a template. HAWQ provides a default database, template1. HAWQ uses template1 to create databases unless you specify another template. Do not create any objects in template1 unless you want those objects to be in every database you create.

HAWQ uses two other database templates internally, template0 and postgres. Do not drop or modify template0 or postgres. You can use template0 to create a completely clean database containing only the standard objects predefined by HAWQ at initialization. This may be necessary if you have modified template1.

Creating a Database

You must have appropriate privileges or be a HAWQ superuser to create a database. If you do not have the correct privileges, you cannot create a database. The HAWQ administrator must either grant you the necessary privileges or create a database for you.

The CREATE DATABASE command creates a new database. For example:

=# CREATE DATABASE <new_dbname>;

You can also use the client program createdb to create a database. For example, running the following command connects to HAWQ on the host named hmaster at port 5432 and creates a database named mydatabase:

$ createdb -h hmaster -p 5432 mydatabase

The host name and port must match the host name and port of the HAWQ master node.

Some objects, such as roles, are shared by all of the databases in a HAWQ deployment. Other objects, such as tables that you create, are known only to the database in which you create them.

Cloning a Database

By default, a new database is created by cloning the standard system database template, template1. You can identify an alternate template to use for database creation. As mentioned in the section above, you can specify template0 as the template:

=# CREATE DATABASE <new_dbname> WITH TEMPLATE template0;

Viewing the List of Databases

You can use the \l meta-command of the psql client subsystem to display the list of databases and templates in your HAWQ deployment. If you are a database superuser, you can query the list of databases from the pg_database system catalog table. For example:

=# SELECT datname FROM pg_database;

Altering a Database

Use the ALTER DATABASE command to update database attributes including owner or name. You can also use ALTER DATABASE to update a database’s default configuration. For example, the following command alters the search_path server configuration parameter to change the default schema search path for database mydatabase:

=# ALTER DATABASE mydatabase SET search_path TO myschema, public, pg_catalog;

To alter a database, you must be the owner of the database or a superuser.

Dropping a Database

The DROP DATABASE command drops (deletes) a database. It removes the system catalog entries for the database and deletes the data on disk. You must be the database owner or a superuser to drop a database, and you cannot drop a database while you or anyone else is connected to it. Connect to template1 (or another database) before dropping a database. For example:

=# \c template1
=# DROP DATABASE mydatabase;

You can also use the client program dropdb to drop a database. For example, the following command connects to HAWQ on the host named hmaster at port 5432 and drops the database named mydatabase:

$ dropdb -h hmaster -p 5432 mydatabase

Warning: Dropping a database cannot be undone.